China’s first White Paper on Energy.

To those who read this blog, I will be away and so writing from afar for the next two weeks but I hope to continue posting regularly.

Returning to global environmental issues, I was interested to read China’s first energy white paper. Coal remains China’s main energy source but it targets “vigorously developing renewable energy” as its main objective for the future. It will focus on “developing hydropower, biomass energy, wind power and solar power in the future, according to a medium and long-term plan for renewable energy.” The paper points out that the NDRC has already listed the area as a development priority in its revised industry catalogue for foreign investment.

In addition China has set itself target of 10% energy consumption from renewable energy sources by 2010 and 15% by 2020. This is still below the Bali Conference objective of 20% by 2020 but it does show that it is seriously tackling the possibilities. As the globe’s manufacturing engine it is vital that China be examining its energy policies and practices.

The complexity of the problem of emissions growth was emphasized by a report in The China Daily today that trade surpluses are leading to emission growth by the consumption of embodied energy. It pointed to the fact that

“net export of embodied energy in international trade from China has grown in recent years because of the country’s trade surplus, according to a study released yesterday. Embodied energy refers to that required for raw material procurement, manufacture, transport, construction, maintenance and repair.”

Pan Jiahua, deputy director of the Research Center for Urban and Environmental Studies under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences is cited as showing in studies that “in 2002, the net export of embodied energy in international trade from China was about 240 million tons of coal equivalent, accounting for 16 percent of the world’s total primary energy consumption. In 2006, that figure became 630 million tons of coal equivalent, accounting for 25.7 percent of primary energy consumption.”

The report concluded that the rapid increase in China’s emission is not only driven by domestic demands, but also by international trade because of China’s position as the world’s processing factory.

The world community as a whole has a vital interest is challenging the emerging giants like China and India pursue environmentally responsible practices and policies and this shows that even areas like international trade have their role to play.

~ by abstraktbiblos on Saturday, 12 January, 2008.

One Response to “China’s first White Paper on Energy.”

  1. […] Sourse: China’s first White Paper. […]

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